You are here: Home : Search : Search Results : Detailed Result
  |   Print   | More

NEWHAVEN FORT AND CASTLE HILL FORT

DESCRIPTION + /

Remains of a twentieth century coastal battery at the site of Newhaven Fort, a coastal artillery fort of mid 16th century date, which was rearmed in the mid 18th century and during the Napoleonic Wars. The fort was modernised in 1901-1902 and armed with two 6-inch Mk. VII at the newly built 'South Battery' and two 12-pounder quick-firing guns on garrison carriages at 'East Battery'. The 12-pounder guns at East Battery were removed in 1907, leaving only the two 6-inch guns in use during the First World War. A 6-pounder Nordenfelt anti-aircraft gun was also mounted at the fort during the First World War. During the Second World War the battery was manned by 100 and 101 Batteries of 521 Coast Regiment. In 1940 12-pounder guns were installed to combat E-boat attacks. The South Battery was remodelled between 1941-1943 to mount three 6-inch Mk. XXIV close defence guns. The development of the three gun battery to the west of Newhaven Fort can be seen on aerial photographs taken during the Second World War. These 6-inch guns were reduced to care and maintenance in November 1944, while the 12-pounder guns were in use throughout the war. The coastal battery survives in excellent condition, together with defensive pillboxes. The 6-inch and 12-pounder emplacements at the fort itself are in good condition, as is the command post and observation post. The radar buildings immediately below the fort are in reasonable condition, but in danger of cliff collapse. The three emplacements that held the 6-inch Mk. XXIV guns are directly to the west of the fort. They are in good condition, complete with their magazines, machine houses and ancillary buildings. The underground connecting passage to the fort is visible immediately to the north of the middle emplacement. The searchlights associated with these batteries are recorded in 1523025 and 1523030.

DETAIL + / -
MORE INFORMATION & SOURCES
+ / -
RELATED MONUMENTS + / -
MONUMENT TYPES + / -
COMMENTS + / -
Please help us keep our information accurate let us know if you see any errors on this page.

Further information about monuments may be obtained by contacting Archive Services, through the English Heritage website.